Foundation Of Dub
King Tubby & The Aggrovators
from 5 (excellent) to 1 (poor)|
|Vocals : -||Backing : 4||Production : 4||Sound quality : 4||Sleeve : 4/5|
Around 1969 Kingston-based producers started to issue singles with instrumental "versions" on the flipside of vocal releases, which were actually the basic riddim tracks. To these "versions" one could add further instrumentation or deejay accompaniment. Within a year the inclusion of instrumental versions on the flipside was common practice among the majority of Jamaica's producers. In 1971 the first real Dub recordings began to appear, with The Hippy Boys' "Voo Doo" - the version to Little Roy's "Hard Fighter", which was mixed by Lynford Anderson a.k.a. Andy Capp - now widely acknowledged to be the first recording in the genre. But it was pioneering sound engineer and sound system operator Osbourne Ruddock who did more than any other to popularize and develop the sound. He explored the possibilities of sound from his small studio, located at the back of his home, at 18 Drumilly Avenue, Kingston 11.|
The mid to late seventies were the golden years for dub music. It was the time when the style peaked in both terms of popularity and creativity, with the fierce competition among Jamaica's producers pushing its boundaries to new limits. And of these producers, none proved more succesfull or prolific than Bunny 'Striker' Lee. Christened Edward O'Sullivan Lee, Bunny was born in Kingston on August 23rd, 1940. He started out as a record promoter and by the mid-sixties he found himself working days as a filling clerk, while nights were spent plugging disc for Duke Reid, Prince Buster, Coxsonne Dodd and Leslie Kong. By the close of 1967, Bunny launched his own Lee label, on which he issued a series of popular singles by artists such as Glen Adams, Roy Shirley, Ken Parker and The Uniques. In 1969 his production of Max Romeo's 'Wet Dream' became a UK top ten hit. After visiting a dance, featuring Ruddy Redwood's Supreme Ruler of Sound set, who pioneered the use of dub techniques, he began releasing singles with 'version' on its flip. By the mid seventies Bunny was head and shoulder above his nearest rival in term of sales, with a roster of artists that included such luminaries as Johnny Clarke, Delroy Wilson, John Holt, Linval Thompson, Horace Andy, Jackie Edwards, Cornell Campbell and Owen Gray.
His collaboration with King Tubby led to the release of some fine dub albums, with regular players including Chinna Smith, Carly barrett, Santa Davies, Sly & Robbie, George Fulwood, Ansel collins, Bobby Kalphat, Tommmy McCook, Bobby Ellis, Jackie Mittoo and Touter Harvey.
The twenty eight tracks on this double cd set date from the period 1975-1977 and feature the aforementioned musicians. Most of the dubs found here are instrumental versions of the more familiar mid-seventies riddims. On disc one you will find riddims such as 'Darker Shade Of Black', 'Rough Rebel', 'I Am The Greatest', 'Baby Why', 'I Need A Roof', 'True Believer In Love' and 'Mean Girl'. The second disc includes renderings of 'If You Love Me', 'Long Long Dreadlocks', 'Ten To One', 'Love Uprising', 'A Serious Thing' and 'Man To Man'. The riddims were recorded at Channel One studio and mixed at King Tubby's studio.
For a superb showcase of mid-seventies dub, do check out this double cd !