International Heroes Dub
February 9, 2015

Track list
  1. Marcus Mosiah Garvey
  2. Jack Johnson
  3. Malcolm X
  4. Mohammed Ali
  5. George Jackson
  6. Nelson Mandela
  7. Martin Luther King
  8. Jomo Kenyatta
  9. Steve Biko
  10. Toussaint L'Ouverture
  11. Kwame Nkrumah
  12. Henri Christophe
  13. Amilcar Cabral
  14. Walter Rodney
  15. Patrice Lumumba
  16. Stokely Carmichael
  17. Makandal Daaga
  18. Jaques Dessalines
Rating : from 5 (excellent) to 1 (poor)
Vocals : - Backing : 4/5 Production : 4/5 Sound quality : 5 Sleeve : 4/5
Studio wizard Overton Brown, better known as Scientist, was a protégé of King Tubby, one of the originators of dub music. Scientist was taken on at King Tubby's as an assistant, performing tasks such as winding transformer coils, and began working as a mixer in the mid-1970s. Initially he created dubs of reworked Studio One riddims for Don Mais' Roots Tradition label, but was given his chance when Prince Jammy cut short a mixing session for Don Mais because he was too tired to continue.

Scientist left King Tubby's studio at the end of the 1970s and became the principal engineer for Channel One Studio when hired by the Hoo Kim brothers. It gave him the chance to work on a 16-track mixing desk rather than the four tracks at Tubby's. He came to prominence in the early 1980s when he made a series of dub albums, released on Greensleeves Records with titles themed around Scientist's fictional achievements in fighting Space Invaders, Pac-Men, and Vampires, and winning the World Cup. The music on these albums was played by the Roots Radics, his most frequent collaborators.

Scientist also worked with prolific producer Roy Cousins, who released the "International Heroes Dub" album in 1989. Originally released as 12 track vinyl album on the Kingdom label, it has been re-issued on cd. However, this re-release might be a bit confusing to those who are familiar with the original release as it contains 9 tracks from that album plus 9 additional dub efforts of which it is doubtful that they're all Roy Cousins productions. "Kwame Nkrumah" is the dub of John Holt's "No Man Is An Island", while "Walter Rodney" is a dub version of Don Carlos' "Late Night Blues". Furthermore there's a crucial version of Naggo Morris's awesome "You Want To Get I Out" entitled "Makandal Daaga". Also a dub cut of Black Uhuru "Eden Out Deh" called "Henri Christophe" is featured here. And then there's the album closer "Jacques Dessalines", which is a dub of Horace Andy's "Something On My Mind" from the "Horace Andy Showcase" album on Tad's.

Going back the first 9 tracks, all coming from the original "International Heroes Dub", it turns out that tracks 1 through 7 are the same, identical songs (althought they may not have identical titles) as the tracks on the A side of the vinyl album plus track 1 from its flipside. Track 8 & 9, although with different titles, are the same dubs as track 11 & 12 on the original release. The first 3 tracks here are dubs from Don Carlos & Gold's "Ghetto Living" album. "Marcus Mosiah Garvey" and "Malcolm X" are two different mixes of "Plantation", with the latter being a real killer dub. In between there's a nice dub version of Don Carlos' "Declaration Of Rights". "Mohammed Ali" is a dub cut of Ken Bob's "In Danger", while the wicked dub version of Teezy's "Wanted By The Massive" is entitled "George Jackson". After "Martin Luther King", dubbing up Earl Sixteen's "Rise In The Morning", it's really nice to hear Winston Jarrett's "I Shen Galore" ("Steve Biko") in its dub form.

All in all this is solid old skool dub from master engineer Scientist.